If the time has come, and hyacinth has bloomed, what to do with the bulb after this, and which option for its further use is best to give preference? Before using the material, it is necessary to understand this issue so that there are no problems with its safety and restoration. If you want to buy a new bulb next year, then the old one can be thrown out.
Thinking about what to do with the bulbs of hyacinths after flowering, it is necessary to study the main characteristics of these plants. Their distillation is quite simple. A gift to a woman on March 8 of one of the varieties of this flower in a pot, for example, Rigo or Delft blue, is quite common. To enjoy the flowers before the holiday of March 8, the bulbs are put on forcing already in mid-November and early December.
The distillation period of early species, such as Pink Pearl, as well as Bismarck, Marie, Miozotis, General Kohler, Lord Balfour, Innosance, is just over 20 days, so they dissolve faster. In later varieties, the distillation period is slightly less than a month. Hyacinth blooming in the garden is a real gem.
Late plants include Blue sapphire, whose dense inflorescence is strewn with a large number of sky blue bells. Hyacinth is able to attract and captivate the eye not only with its captivating color, but also with a light aroma. The plant has a height of about 25 cm, and its flowering begins in April.
The ripe onion is heavy, dense and smooth, with an intact donut. It should not contain mechanical diseases and injuries. The neck and shoulders should be well defined. For different varieties, the onion has a corresponding appearance, so when buying it, the following must be taken into account:
For distillation, bulbs of the largest sizes are selected in order to pre-prepare them. During the period of plant growth, they must be fertilized, watered and properly maintained until planting. If an already grown plant is purchased, then it should have foliage that is evenly distributed on both sides and raised upward at an angle. Hyacinth can have a certain number of colors, canonical or cylindrical.
If the hyacinth has already faded, but the bulb remains, then it can be saved until next year. The bulb is left in the pot and continued to be watered, cutting off all the flower stalks, but preserving the leaves. After she grows up and fully recovers, she is taken out of the pot to dry properly in a dry room. In autumn, she will be ready to land in open ground.
Experienced plant growers are not advised to plant in the open ground the bulbs of those plants that were previously grown at home. This will lead to the fact that flowering in the garden will be extremely scarce. Hyacinth with proper care can bloom in large buds and in the garden.
The correct preservation of the bulb after each seasonal flowering, as well as its timely planting, allows the onion plant to be grown for 10 consecutive years. Used bulbs do not bloom next year, often they are simply thrown away. After distillation at home, hyacinth bulbs are best planted in the garden, then after 2 years it can be used again.
It is necessary to dig up hyacinths after flowering in order to preserve them if another planting of these plants is needed, the flowering of which occurs no earlier than a year later. Since bulbs tend to dry out in the soil, it will be necessary to alternate planting, growing it for a year at home, and the next 2 years in the garden. The main thing is to choose the right soil, regularly water the plant and prevent its diseases.
After flowering, hyacinth in a pot is usually cut with scissors. Removing the peduncle is the best option possible. What to do next? After this, the plant is transplanted from the pot without removing the earthen lump from the bulb. For transplantation, use another pot larger than the previous one. It will be necessary to add soil in the required amount. The earth is taken suitable specifically for hyacinth. It is previously thoroughly loosened simultaneously with a lump so that the scales of the bulbous plant are not damaged.
Dug bulbs are dried for a week in a dark, dry room at room temperature. Usually small sprouts are not separated, and the bulbs are folded into a box or box with dense walls in 2 layers, no more. To store a small amount of material using paper bags. What to do next:
Plants that have already bloomed in open ground are planted in pots to put in a cool place (4-5 ° C) for distillation. This applies only to adult bulbs, before planting which children are usually separated, as they can take away part of the bulb stocks. Children are raised in the open ground for several years, so that they reach the size of an adult bulb and begin to bloom.
The flowering of hyacinths at home is usually observed in the winter or early spring, so immediately after flowering they have nowhere to transplant, since the ground is frozen. A new landing in the soil is carried out after storing the material in the pot until the fall. Preserving these types of bulbs is quite difficult, so they do not withstand storage until the fall. Even surviving onions may not start blooming the following year.
The bulb should look about 1/3 out of the soil in a pot, which is placed in a cool place. The storage room for the hyacinth pot should not be cold. It may be a glazed balcony. The pot can also be stored on the windowsill. With proper care, the plant will begin to be covered with young shoots and green leaves.
When the flowers have already faded, then at home they are stored quite simply. Flowers will need to be watered once a week, transplanted into larger pots, if they grew in small pots. The soil is loosened, drainage and sand are added to the bottom, watered moderately, placed in a bright, cool place and look after the flower, like a houseplant.
Hyacinth, care of which requires good lighting, it is necessary to turn from time to time to the light source from different sides. This allows the flower to grow evenly. On cloudy days or in the evening, the plant must be highlighted using fluorescent lamps. If there is not enough lighting in the room, then it quickly fades, discards leaves and young buds.
If the large bulb is well preserved and is quite heavy, then you can start growing it in a pot.
In order for the flower to grow correctly, before caring for it, drainage and special holes are provided in the container, which allow excess water to calmly leave the roots of the plant and the ground.
In the spring, hyacinths open, which provides free growth to the plant. Flowering begins in a year. When the flower has fallen after flowering, the whole process of preserving the bulbs is repeated anew. Another question is when to dig up hyacinths after flowering in the garden, as the plants begin to bloom in a year, and not next spring.
It is necessary to ensure that the bulb does not get too wet. Even a slight flooding of the site can lead to the death of plants. Planting these plants on a site where other bulbous plants had previously grown is not recommended because pathogens can persist in the soil. Transplantation should be made annually to a new location.
The site should be prepared 2 months before the planting of hyacinths, so as not to damage the fragile roots of the plant during soil shrinkage. They can penetrate the earth to a depth of 40-50 cm. The cultivation of the earth must be deep. If the soil is acidic, then lime or chalk should be added to it. Clay soil is mixed with peat and sand, where mineral and organic fertilizers, rotted manure, humus, wood ash are applied.
Hyacinth is a plant that is planted in September or early October. This requires proper care after flowering. If you plant flowers too early, then the seedlings may die after the first frost. Tightening with a landing leads to the fact that the bulbs do not have time to take root by the onset of the first severe frosts. In spring, they bloom later than other plants.