How and when to plant a radish in the Urals

Planting radishes in the Urals has its own nuances due to the soil and weather characteristics of the region. Most often, black radish is grown here, which ideally combines excellent taste and healing qualities.

Botanical features

The plant has simple or branched stems and lyre-shaped pinnately incised or cirrus dissected leaves. Sepals are of direct type, oblong and dull. Petals of a wide oboval form. The ovaries are located on a shortened stalk. The cylindrical shape of the fruit-pods ends in elongation and breaks in the transverse direction into individual segments.

Grade Selection Rules

Planting different types and varieties of radish in the Urals involves taking into account the ripening period, which will allow you to get a high yield with minimal time and effort to care.

Grade nameRipening periodCharacteristics of the root cropVarietal Features
"Winter white round"Medium ripeningRoot-flat or round-oval-shaped root crops weighing up to 350-410 gMedium Taste
"Winter black round"Medium ripeningOval or flat-round root crop with white and very juicy but tender fleshHealing grade with medium flesh
SudarushkaEarly ripeWhite staining and oval-shaped root crops of medium sizeEasy to grow and harvest variety
"Gayvoronskaya"Medium lateCylindrical shape and greenish headHigh-yielding and very downy variety
Munich BeerEarly ripeElongated elliptical shape, white, weighing up to 350-450 gLow-edged variety for fresh consumption
"Night"Mid-seasonBlack, round-shaped root crop with an acutely sweet taste, weighing between 230-350 gSuitable for cultivation in the summer-autumn turnover
CylinderMid-seasonLong, cylindrical with piquant-sharp pulp, weighing up to 310 gA variety with high evenness and healing properties of root crops
MargelanMedium maturityDark green staining with a white root root crop weighing 210-410 g with excellent tasteVery productive and still variety for salads

Dates and features of landing

In the Urals, all varieties of radish should be planted in early May, which allows you to get early vegetable products in a couple of months. For the use of the harvested vegetable crop in the autumn-winter period, planting is carried out in mid-June or after harvesting early ripening garden crops. The radish growing plot should be well lit, since even under shading conditions, commodity qualities of root crops and indicators of total productivity are reduced.

The soil must be prepared in advance by removing all weed vegetation, as well as by deep digging and liming of the soil. Good results are obtained by adding peat and compost, as well as a pair of tablespoons of nitrophosphate or a pair of tablespoons of wood ash per square meter. Good precursors for radish are potatoes, carrots, beets, legumes, pumpkin, zucchini, onions and tomatoes. Experienced amateur vegetable growers use radish in compacted crops with tomatoes, as well as onions or potatoes.

Radish: cultivation features

The technology for sowing radish is as follows:

  • sowing furrows must be placed with a distance of 25-30 cm;
  • in the spring, the seeds are sown with a depth of 2-3 cm, and with summer sowing, seed material is recommended to be deepened by 3-4 cm;
  • standard seed consumption is about 1 g per three square meters of sown area;
  • with optimal temperature conditions and sufficient soil moisture mass shoots appear about a week after sowing.

After the emergence of mass seedlings, young plants and soil between the rows must be dusted with ash in order to prevent damage to crops by cruciferous fleas. If necessary, thickened crops should be thinned out, leaving as strong and powerful plants as possible. Usually, thinning is carried out when a pair of true leaves appears. For each square meter of usable area should be no more than fifteen plants.

Care Tips

Radish, regardless of species and variety, is among the unpretentious garden crops, therefore its cultivation is not difficult even for beginner amateur growers:

  • the ridges should be watered often enough, avoiding overdrying of the soil around root crops;
  • early-sowing radishes are irrigated once a week, and winter varieties for storage should be watered no more than four times per season using a bucket of water per square meter of ridges;
  • thinning of plants should be carried out simultaneously with the implementation of loosening the soil and the removal of weed vegetation;
  • important for obtaining high-quality, marketable type of root crops is given to timely top dressing of garden crops;

  • for feeding, a weekly solution based on complete mineral fertilizer is used in the form of 55-66 g of superphosphate, 15-20 g of urea and 15-17 g of calcium chloride per bucket of water;
  • to prevent branching of root crops, the use of fresh manure as a fertilizer should be avoided;
  • for the prevention of affection with keel, cabbage mosaic, felt sickness, powdery mildew, peronosporosis, white rot, black leg or linen, it is necessary to use modern insectofungicidal preparations, including bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate and copper chloroxide;
  • in summer, the largest root crops should be selectively harvested and used to prepare various dishes.

Varieties of Radish

Harvesting should be carried out before a steady cooling. It is best to dig out root crops in dry and warm weather, which will allow to dry the collected crop for bookmarking for further storage. The optimal conditions for storing radishes suggest maintaining a temperature of 2-3 ° C and humidity not exceeding 90%. It is recommended to store such varieties as Winter Round White, Winter Round Black, and Local Artashat for storage.

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