Planting radishes in the Urals has its own nuances due to the soil and weather characteristics of the region. Most often, black radish is grown here, which ideally combines excellent taste and healing qualities.
The plant has simple or branched stems and lyre-shaped pinnately incised or cirrus dissected leaves. Sepals are of direct type, oblong and dull. Petals of a wide oboval form. The ovaries are located on a shortened stalk. The cylindrical shape of the fruit-pods ends in elongation and breaks in the transverse direction into individual segments.
Planting different types and varieties of radish in the Urals involves taking into account the ripening period, which will allow you to get a high yield with minimal time and effort to care.
|Grade name||Ripening period||Characteristics of the root crop||Varietal Features|
|"Winter white round"||Medium ripening||Root-flat or round-oval-shaped root crops weighing up to 350-410 g||Medium Taste|
|"Winter black round"||Medium ripening||Oval or flat-round root crop with white and very juicy but tender flesh||Healing grade with medium flesh|
|Sudarushka||Early ripe||White staining and oval-shaped root crops of medium size||Easy to grow and harvest variety|
|"Gayvoronskaya"||Medium late||Cylindrical shape and greenish head||High-yielding and very downy variety|
|Munich Beer||Early ripe||Elongated elliptical shape, white, weighing up to 350-450 g||Low-edged variety for fresh consumption|
|"Night"||Mid-season||Black, round-shaped root crop with an acutely sweet taste, weighing between 230-350 g||Suitable for cultivation in the summer-autumn turnover|
|Cylinder||Mid-season||Long, cylindrical with piquant-sharp pulp, weighing up to 310 g||A variety with high evenness and healing properties of root crops|
|Margelan||Medium maturity||Dark green staining with a white root root crop weighing 210-410 g with excellent taste||Very productive and still variety for salads|
In the Urals, all varieties of radish should be planted in early May, which allows you to get early vegetable products in a couple of months. For the use of the harvested vegetable crop in the autumn-winter period, planting is carried out in mid-June or after harvesting early ripening garden crops. The radish growing plot should be well lit, since even under shading conditions, commodity qualities of root crops and indicators of total productivity are reduced.
The soil must be prepared in advance by removing all weed vegetation, as well as by deep digging and liming of the soil. Good results are obtained by adding peat and compost, as well as a pair of tablespoons of nitrophosphate or a pair of tablespoons of wood ash per square meter. Good precursors for radish are potatoes, carrots, beets, legumes, pumpkin, zucchini, onions and tomatoes. Experienced amateur vegetable growers use radish in compacted crops with tomatoes, as well as onions or potatoes.
The technology for sowing radish is as follows:
After the emergence of mass seedlings, young plants and soil between the rows must be dusted with ash in order to prevent damage to crops by cruciferous fleas. If necessary, thickened crops should be thinned out, leaving as strong and powerful plants as possible. Usually, thinning is carried out when a pair of true leaves appears. For each square meter of usable area should be no more than fifteen plants.
Radish, regardless of species and variety, is among the unpretentious garden crops, therefore its cultivation is not difficult even for beginner amateur growers:
Harvesting should be carried out before a steady cooling. It is best to dig out root crops in dry and warm weather, which will allow to dry the collected crop for bookmarking for further storage. The optimal conditions for storing radishes suggest maintaining a temperature of 2-3 ° C and humidity not exceeding 90%. It is recommended to store such varieties as Winter Round White, Winter Round Black, and Local Artashat for storage.