A bright representative of flower culture will become a decoration of a personal plot, if you create the conditions that are needed for it. Hydrangea is so attractive that to remain indifferent, being next to it, is almost impossible. That is why gardeners want to stock up on knowledge of the rules for caring for flowers.
Autumn work is carried out to prepare the plant for winter. The rest period under a snow blanket only outwardly may not seem important to the bush. Hydrangea should come to this time protected from lower temperatures, preserving young shoots and peduncles.
Top dressing is the main type of work to care for a lush flowering shrub. Fertilizing protects the root system from periods when there is no active life in the soil processes. The land is depleted after summer feeding of bushes. She gave everything she could and needed support.
Fertilizers for the autumn are known a lot. What is the peculiarity of such mixtures?
You can not use nitrogen compounds in the fall. Minerals create the conditions for stimulating the growth of new shoots. The autumn period cannot give them the opportunity to develop, on the contrary, the cold will damage the branches, they will begin to freeze and die. Moreover, the young branches will touch the old ones, the bush will weaken. More often this leads to the loss of most inflorescences and the scarcity of buds for the next season. What other substances should not be used in the fall:
At the beginning of September, clipping of leaves is carried out. Start at the bottom of the branches. Shoots without leaves begin to condense - "woody". After the first frosts, the remaining wilted leaves are also removed. You can leave only those that cover the buds of peduncles.
Hydrangea loves moisture. She supplies herself with water, holding her in the stems. If you water the flower during the onset of cold weather, the bush will be oversaturated with water. Excess moisture will result in cracks and chips on the stems and branches. That is why, with the onset of autumn, watering is stopped. To be afraid that the flowers will not have enough moisture is not worth it. They take care of themselves, creating a water balance within. Autumn in most of Russia is a time of rains and winds. Flowers should be protected from natural moisture. What events are advised to hold:
All these devices can be used in the winter for shelter and fertilizer location.
In dry autumn periods, gardeners create a special solution of liquid watering: take 15-16 g of monophosphate and superphosphate, dilute them in 10 liters of water and pour over the bush. Such watering will become both saturation with moisture and top dressing before winter. The action involves only a single watering session.
The bush without clipping becomes neglected. He loses his beauty and splendor of buds. Pruning is done before shelter. Circumcision depends on the type, variety of hydrangea:
Dry flowers are cut from the bush. They can break the branches.
Good shoots are cut so that no more than 4 buds are left. If necessary, rejuvenate the bush, each branch is cut to 15-20cm.
Work with each trunk, which the variety may have several. Pruning will be the job of shaping the shape of the bush next year.
Trimming large-leaved species:
Sanitary pruning does not allow to shorten the shoots, such actions will damage the flower buds. The bush may remain without flowering.
Any cutting work is carried out with special equipment. Ordinary scissors for such actions will not work, they can damage the branches. In addition, they select the cutting time: after the first frost, when the juice stops moving along the tissues of the stem and branches.
Hydrangea is not exposed to fungal infection. Preventive treatment before shelter for the winter is not recommended. They suggest abandoning it. Some owners still want to carry out such work. For them, agronomists have developed modern substances - fungicides. It is necessary to study the recommendations, and carry out processing actions strictly with their conformity.
Autumn is the best time to transfer to new areas of the site. During the winter, the root system will adapt to new conditions, will consolidate. The best time is the end of September. How is the transplant performed:
The flowerbed, where hydrangea is supposed to be planted, is also prepared in advance. It is necessary that the flower is out of the ground for a very short time. The earth from the old place is not broken and not cleaned. At the transplant site, a fertilizer composition is prepared, mulch, which will conduct a natural and not quick top dressing of the soil. Untying the branches of a transplanted flower is optional. It is better to prepare them for winter shelter. When placing a coma with roots in the soil, special attention is paid to the neck of the root system. It should coincide with the level of the soil, and not be below or above it. The roots are straightened inside the pit, gently stretched over the prepared recess. After falling asleep, hydrangea is watered. A large amount of liquid will be needed, about 3-4 buckets, depending on the size of the plant.
There are some tips that will help prepare the plant for the cold season. Some ways to prepare for the winter:
Digging for the winter is carried out carefully. Do not damage the root system, any careless action will damage the bush. Wintering such a plant will be quite difficult. Tired of summer labor - flowering, it is already weakened, and spoiled roots - it is almost a disease that is very difficult to survive in winter. Digging to a depth of 3-5cm, it is more like loosening, rather than digging. Then carry out mulching:
Tamping and creating huge bulk heaps of mulch is also not worth it. Everything should be in moderation. The height of the knolls, optimal for flowers, 20cm.
Shelter is one of the most laborious jobs. Gardeners should take into account the climatic features of each territory in these works.
Caring for a beautiful plant will give the desired result. Flowers will be fragrant and delight all visitors to the site. Their healthy appearance will captivate with splendor, saturation and a variety of inflorescences.