Hydrangea in the fall: top dressing, care and features of preparation for winter

A bright representative of flower culture will become a decoration of a personal plot, if you create the conditions that are needed for it. Hydrangea is so attractive that to remain indifferent, being next to it, is almost impossible. That is why gardeners want to stock up on knowledge of the rules for caring for flowers.

Features of autumn hydrangea top dressing

Autumn work is carried out to prepare the plant for winter. The rest period under a snow blanket only outwardly may not seem important to the bush. Hydrangea should come to this time protected from lower temperatures, preserving young shoots and peduncles.

On the need for feeding hydrangea in the fall

Top dressing is the main type of work to care for a lush flowering shrub. Fertilizing protects the root system from periods when there is no active life in the soil processes. The land is depleted after summer feeding of bushes. She gave everything she could and needed support.

Types of fertilizers and rules for their application

Fertilizers for the autumn are known a lot. What is the peculiarity of such mixtures?

  1. Experienced agronomists suggest using potassium phosphorus compounds. Potassium is able to strengthen the root; it protects from the cold penetrating deep into the earth. Composition recipe: 1 tablespoon of superphosphate, 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate are placed in a 10 liter capacity. The mixture is thoroughly mixed. 7 liters of liquid will be required on the ground under one bush. Potassium lowers the temperature at which the liquid begins to freeze inside the plants. Phosphorus improves the immune system. Resistance to flower diseases is restored.
  2. Organic fertilizers. Landlords prepare them in advance during the summer. This is compost, humus, peat. Organic compounds do not have to be dug to the depth of the root. They are simply placed under a bush over the area of ​​the roots. Organics will serve as warming, and top dressing, and protection. Decomposing over a long period, the compositions will help hydrangeas not one month, but the entire snow season.
  3. Mineral mixtures. Such top dressing will strengthen the plant and create protection against frosty weather.

You can not use nitrogen compounds in the fall. Minerals create the conditions for stimulating the growth of new shoots. The autumn period cannot give them the opportunity to develop, on the contrary, the cold will damage the branches, they will begin to freeze and die. Moreover, the young branches will touch the old ones, the bush will weaken. More often this leads to the loss of most inflorescences and the scarcity of buds for the next season. What other substances should not be used in the fall:

  • iron;
  • magnesium;
  • boron.

How to prune hydrangea in the fall

Other hydrangea care in the fall

At the beginning of September, clipping of leaves is carried out. Start at the bottom of the branches. Shoots without leaves begin to condense - "woody". After the first frosts, the remaining wilted leaves are also removed. You can leave only those that cover the buds of peduncles.

Watering Rules

Hydrangea loves moisture. She supplies herself with water, holding her in the stems. If you water the flower during the onset of cold weather, the bush will be oversaturated with water. Excess moisture will result in cracks and chips on the stems and branches. That is why, with the onset of autumn, watering is stopped. To be afraid that the flowers will not have enough moisture is not worth it. They take care of themselves, creating a water balance within. Autumn in most of Russia is a time of rains and winds. Flowers should be protected from natural moisture. What events are advised to hold:

  • build a frame;
  • stretch the film coating;
  • dig a bush with narrow ditches to drain the water.

All these devices can be used in the winter for shelter and fertilizer location.

In dry autumn periods, gardeners create a special solution of liquid watering: take 15-16 g of monophosphate and superphosphate, dilute them in 10 liters of water and pour over the bush. Such watering will become both saturation with moisture and top dressing before winter. The action involves only a single watering session.

Dates and technology of autumn pruning hydrangea

The bush without clipping becomes neglected. He loses his beauty and splendor of buds. Pruning is done before shelter. Circumcision depends on the type, variety of hydrangea:

  1. Tree view - short pruning.
  2. Large-leaved - sanitary pruning.

Dry flowers are cut from the bush. They can break the branches.

Tree pruning:

  • remove weak branches;
  • empty, which could not bloom in the past season;
  • shoots located to the center, to the stem;
  • dried up;
  • sick.

Good shoots are cut so that no more than 4 buds are left. If necessary, rejuvenate the bush, each branch is cut to 15-20cm.

Panicled pruning:

  • diseased shoots;
  • dry
  • faded;
  • weak
  • thin;
  • damaged.

Work with each trunk, which the variety may have several. Pruning will be the job of shaping the shape of the bush next year.

Trimming large-leaved species:

  • damaged;
  • weak
  • dry.

Sanitary pruning does not allow to shorten the shoots, such actions will damage the flower buds. The bush may remain without flowering.

Any cutting work is carried out with special equipment. Ordinary scissors for such actions will not work, they can damage the branches. In addition, they select the cutting time: after the first frost, when the juice stops moving along the tissues of the stem and branches.

Propagation of hydrangea panicled lignified cuttings in autumn

Preventative treatment

Hydrangea is not exposed to fungal infection. Preventive treatment before shelter for the winter is not recommended. They suggest abandoning it. Some owners still want to carry out such work. For them, agronomists have developed modern substances - fungicides. It is necessary to study the recommendations, and carry out processing actions strictly with their conformity.

Hydrangea transplant in autumn to a new place in the garden

Autumn is the best time to transfer to new areas of the site. During the winter, the root system will adapt to new conditions, will consolidate. The best time is the end of September. How is the transplant performed:

  1. Leaves and branches are connected in a single bundle, placed vertically.
  2. Digging a trench in the form of a circle.
  3. A wheelbarrow is being prepared for transporting the bush along with the ground;
  4. A wooden or metal shield is pushed under the root system.
  5. A flower together in an earthen lump is placed on a wheelbarrow.
  6. Transported to a new location.

The flowerbed, where hydrangea is supposed to be planted, is also prepared in advance. It is necessary that the flower is out of the ground for a very short time. The earth from the old place is not broken and not cleaned. At the transplant site, a fertilizer composition is prepared, mulch, which will conduct a natural and not quick top dressing of the soil. Untying the branches of a transplanted flower is optional. It is better to prepare them for winter shelter. When placing a coma with roots in the soil, special attention is paid to the neck of the root system. It should coincide with the level of the soil, and not be below or above it. The roots are straightened inside the pit, gently stretched over the prepared recess. After falling asleep, hydrangea is watered. A large amount of liquid will be needed, about 3-4 buckets, depending on the size of the plant.

Recommendations for preparing hydrangea for winter

There are some tips that will help prepare the plant for the cold season. Some ways to prepare for the winter:

  1. Bending branches to the ground: First make a litter over the roots under the bush, then the branches are bent and fixed to the ground. Agrofibre is pulled on top. There may be several layers of special covering material. It all depends on the level of temperature drop.
  2. Linking branches. The bush is collected in a dense bundle and wrapped with agro matter. Then a wooden frame is created, which is filled with foliage or needles. The cover of the frame is made of a material that does not allow moisture.
  3. Air dry method. This technology is one of the new. The bush is covered with a frame. From above, they are tightened with agrofibre in several layers, then with a film. The lower layer of agrofibre becomes weak in tension, and the upper one is tight. An air gap is created that preserves a comfortable microclimate and heat.

Digging and mulching soil

Digging for the winter is carried out carefully. Do not damage the root system, any careless action will damage the bush. Wintering such a plant will be quite difficult. Tired of summer labor - flowering, it is already weakened, and spoiled roots - it is almost a disease that is very difficult to survive in winter. Digging to a depth of 3-5cm, it is more like loosening, rather than digging. Then carry out mulching:

  • prepare mulch;
  • add sawdust to it;
  • laid out on the surface of the soil around the stem;
  • the mulch layer should be at least 5cm.

Tamping and creating huge bulk heaps of mulch is also not worth it. Everything should be in moderation. The height of the knolls, optimal for flowers, 20cm.

Features of hydrangea care in autumn

Winter hydrangea shelter in the cold regions of Russia

Shelter is one of the most laborious jobs. Gardeners should take into account the climatic features of each territory in these works.

  1. Panicled and tree-like varieties withstand temperatures quite low - up to 35 degrees. They wintered under snowdrifts. They spud and throw snow. Frost-resistant varieties do not be afraid of freezing. They will recover and take new shoots as soon as spring arrives. Snow in cold regions will become a warm coat for them.
  2. The tree-like appearance and variety of panicled hydrangea will die without shelter. In cold territories they are covered with dry foliage, covered in the form of a hut with spruce branches. Some gardeners make special boxes for hydrangea. They allow the foliage to remain inside, the spruce branches do not fly apart on the sides from the wind and rains. It is especially important to preserve young seedlings. They cannot be left without special shelters.
  3. Large-leaved variety - the most whimsical species in relation to harsh winter. He is afraid of a drop in temperature already at 5 degrees. This creates a more reliable shelter. For severe climatic zones, special repair varieties have been developed. They can be grown in Siberia and other cold regions.

Caring for a beautiful plant will give the desired result. Flowers will be fragrant and delight all visitors to the site. Their healthy appearance will captivate with splendor, saturation and a variety of inflorescences.

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